is not just a drink it's a bartending mystery. One of
the oldest legends surrounding the mystery of the birth
of the Martini cocktail takes us back to the late 19th
century, at the Occidental Hotel in San Francisco, when
a traveler on his way to Martinez (California), asked
the Hotel's barman to prepare something special.
that this barman was the legendary Professor Jerry
Thomas, famous for his innovative cocktails,
had published in 1982 the Martinez manual for bartenders
which saw him recognized as one of the leading authorities
in his field. Another hypothesis would return to Italy,
in Liguria, where the name of Martini is still widely
diffused. In all probability, the Martini cocktail has
no single inventor like in the case of many a masterpiece.
The one undisputable fact is that the Martini has long
been associated with important events and people, not
the least of whom being John D. Rockerfeller who, from
the age of 71 never renounced his Martini cocktail until
his last days at 98. The modern American Style Martini
a squirt of Vermouth to a shot of gin - was invented
at Harry's Bar in Venice to satisfy Ernest Hemingway,
one of the most famous and regular client. Today the
real Martini, Cosmopolitan, Martinez, Martini American
Style, cannot be considered a Martini if not served
in its own diamond-shaped glass, iced or cooled before
variations exist on the standard martini.
• A vodka martini
(or vodkatini or kangaroo) is made the same way
but with vodka instead of gin, and more often uses
lemon rind as the garnish. This is the most common
variation, and in fact is more popular than the
original in most locations.
• An in-and-out
martini is a very dry gin martini
prepared by pouring a small measure of vermouth
into a shaker, shaking it to coat the ice, and then
pouring out and disposing of any remaining vermouth.
The standard amount of gin is then shaken over this
vermouth-tinged ice and served normally.
• A Churchill
is made with dry gin, stirred, with an unopened
bottle of vermouth waved above the shaker.
• An apple martini (also sour apple martini or appletini) is a vodka
martini with an apple flavoring such as apple schnapps,
sometimes with apple, lemon or lime juice, and is
often garnished with a slice of Granny Smith apple.
Some people call this an "apple cosmopolitan".
• A dirty martini
has some of the brine (at least a teaspoon) from
the olive jar added. (FDR was partial to a dirty
• A naked martini
is made without ice, but with the ingredients and
• A sweet martini
is made with sweet red vermouth, and may be garnished
with a maraschino cherry instead of an olive.
• A sake martini
substitutes a dry, clear sake for the vermouth.
• A Gibson
is a standard dry martini that is garnished with
cocktail onions instead of olives.
• A tequila
martini substitutes tequila for
• An akvavit
martini substitutes akvavit for
• A gin salad
is made like the ordinary martini but with three
olives and two cocktail onions as garnish.